tutorial là gì

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Medieval tutorial

A tutorial, in education, is a method of transferring knowledge and may be used as a part of a learning process. More interactive and specific phàn nàn a book or a lecture, a tutorial seeks vĩ đại teach by example and supply the information vĩ đại complete a certain task.

A tutorial can be taken in many forms, ranging from a phối of instructions vĩ đại complete a task vĩ đại an interactive problem solving session (usually in academia).


Tutorial class[edit]

In British academic parlance, a tutorial is a small class of one, or only a few students, in which the tutor, a lecturer, or other academic staff thành viên, gives individual attention vĩ đại the students.[1]

The tutorial system at Oxford and Cambridge is fundamental vĩ đại methods of teaching at those universities, but it is by no means particular vĩ đại them; Heythrop College (University of London), for instance, offers a tutorial system but with one-on-one teaching. Another example Imperial College London, where tutorials in groups of 3 take place.[2] It is rare for newer universities in the UK vĩ đại have the resources vĩ đại offer individual tuition ; a class of six vĩ đại eight students is a far more common tutorial size. At Cambridge, a tutorial is known as a supervision.

In Australian, New Zealand, and South African universities, a tutorial (colloquially called a tute or tut) is a class of 10–30 students. Such tutorials are very similar vĩ đại the Canadian system, although, tutorials are usually led by honours or postgraduate students, known as 'tutors'.

At the two campuses of St. John's College, U.S. and a few other American colleges with a similar version of the Great Books program, a "tutorial" is a class of 12–16 students who meet regularly with the guidance of a tutor. The tutorial focuses on a certain subject area (e.g., mathematics tutorial, language tutorial) and generally proceeds with careful reading of selected primary texts and working through associated exercises (e.g., demonstrating a Euclid proof or translating ancient Greek poetry). Since formal lectures vì thế not play a large part in the St. John's College curriculum, the tutorial is the primary method by which certain subjects are studied. However, at St. John's the tutorial is considered ancillary vĩ đại the seminar, in which a slightly larger group of students meets with two tutors for broader discussion of the particular texts on the seminar list.

Some US colleges, such as Williams College, offer tutorials almost identical in structure vĩ đại that of an Oxbridge tutorial. At Williams, students in tutorials typically work in pairs alongside a professor and meet weekly, while alternately presenting position papers or critiques of their partner's paper.

Tutorial schools[edit]

There are also specialized schools for tutoring such as, Kumon and EduHub. These supplemental hands-on learning programs are especially popular in Asia.[3][4]

Conference tutorials[edit]

Offered as a service or deliverable vĩ đại its members, conference tutorials are one example of a continuing education activity sponsored by a technical and professional association.

Private study[edit]

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A tutorial in high schools in the United States may also mean a session for homework or other private study.[5][6]


In documentation and instructional design, tutorials are teaching-level documents that help the learner progress in skill and confidence.[7] Tutorials can take the size of a screen recording (screencast), a written document (either online or downloadable), interactive tutorial, or an audio tệp tin, where a person will give step by step instructions on how vĩ đại vì thế something.

Tutorials usually have the following characteristics:

  • A presentation of the view usually explaining and showing the user the user interface
  • A demonstration of a process, using examples vĩ đại show how a workflow or process is completed; often broken up into discrete modules or sections.
  • Some method of review that reinforces or tests understanding of the nội dung in the related module or section.
  • A transition vĩ đại additional modules or sections that builds on the instructions already provided. Tutorials can be linear or branching.

While many writers refer vĩ đại a mere list of instructions or tips as a tutorial, this usage can be misleading.

Computer-based tutoring[edit]

In computer-based education, a tutorial is a computer program whose purpose is vĩ đại assist users in learning how vĩ đại use parts of a software product such as an office suite or any other application, operating system interface, programming tool, or đoạn phim game. There are three kinds of software tutorials: 1) đoạn phim tutorials that the user views, 2) interactive tutorials where the user follows on-screen instructions (and—in some cases—watches short instruction movies), whereupon they vì thế the tutorial exercises and receives feedback depending on their actions; and 3) webinars where users participate in real-time lectures, online tutoring, or workshops remotely using trang web conferencing software.

See also[edit]

  • Tutoring agency
  • Teaching assistant
  • How-to
  • Knowledge base


Look up tutorial in Wiktionary, the miễn phí dictionary.

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