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A replica Steiff model 55PB displayed at the Steiff-Museum, Giengen, Germany, 2006; no original examples of the 55PB are known to tướng survive

A teddy bear is a stuffed toy in the sườn of a bear. Developed apparently simultaneously by toymakers Morris Michtom in the U.S. and Richard Steiff under his aunt Margarete Steiff's company in Germany in the early 20th century, the teddy bear, named after President Theodore Roosevelt, became a popular children's toy and has been celebrated in story, tuy vậy, and film.[1]

Since the creation of the first teddy bears which sought to tướng imitate the sườn of real bear cubs, "teddies" have greatly varied in sườn, style, color, and material. They have become collector's items, with older and rarer teddies appearing at public auctions.[2] Teddy bears are among the most popular gifts for children and are often given to tướng adults to tướng signify affection, congratulations, or sympathy.


A 1902 political cartoon in The Washington Post spawned the teddy bear name.

The name teddy bear comes from former United States President Theodore Roosevelt, who was often referred to tướng as "Teddy" (a nickname which he loathed).[3] The name originated from an incident on a bear hunting trip in Mississippi in November 1902, to tướng which Roosevelt was invited by Mississippi Governor Andrew H. Longino. There were several other hunters competing, and most of them had already killed an animal. A suite of Roosevelt's attendants, led by Holt Collier,[4] cornered, clubbed, and tied an American Đen bear to tướng a willow tree after a long exhausting chase with hounds. They called Roosevelt to tướng the site and suggested that he shoot it. He refused to tướng shoot the bear himself, deeming this unsportsmanlike, but instructed that the bear be killed to tướng put it out of its misery,[5][6] and it became the topic of a political cartoon by Clifford Berryman in The Washington Post on November 16, 1902.[7][8][9] While the initial cartoon of an adult Đen bear lassoed by a handler and a disgusted Roosevelt had symbolic overtones, later issues of that and other Berryman cartoons made the bear smaller and cuter.[10]

Morris Michtom saw the Berryman drawing of Roosevelt and was inspired to tướng create a teddy bear. He created a tiny soft bear cub and put it in his candy cửa hàng window at 404 Tompkins Avenue in Brooklyn with a sign "Teddy's bear." The toys were an immediate success and Michtom founded the Ideal Novelty and Toy Co.[6]

A little earlier in 1902 in Germany, the Steiff firm produced a stuffed bear from Richard Steiff's designs. Steiff exhibited the toy at the Leipzig Toy Fair in March 1903, where it was seen by Hermann Berg, a buyer for George Borgfeldt & Company in Thành Phố New York (and the brother of composer Alban Berg).[11] He ordered 3,000 to tướng be sent to tướng the United States.[12] Although Steiff's records show that the bears were produced, they are not recorded as arriving in the U.S., and no example of the type, "55 PB", has ever been seen, leading to tướng the story that the bears were shipwrecked. However, the shipwreck story is disputed – author Günther Pfeiffer notes that it was only recorded in 1953 and says it is more likely that the 55 PB was not sufficiently durable to tướng survive until the present day.[13] Although Steiff and Michtom were both making teddy bears at around the same time, neither would have known of the other's creation due to tướng poor transatlantic communication.[7]

North American educator Seymour Eaton wrote the children's book series The Roosevelt Bears,[14] while composer John Walter Bratton wrote an instrumental "The Teddy Bears' Picnic", a "characteristic two-step", in 1907, which later had words written to tướng it by lyricist Jimmy Kennedy in 1932.

Early teddy bears were made to tướng look lượt thích real bears, with extended snouts and beady eyes. Modern teddy bears tend to tướng have larger eyes and foreheads and smaller noses, babylike features intended to tướng enhance the toy's "cuteness". Some teddy bears are also designed to tướng represent different species, such as polar bears and brown bears, as well as pandas and koalas.

While early teddy bears were covered in tawny mohair fur, modern teddy bears are manufactured in a wide variety of commercially available fabrics, most commonly synthetic fur, but also velour, denim, cốt tông, satin, and canvas.



Commercially made, mass-produced teddy bears are predominantly made as toys for children. These bears either have safety joints for attaching arms, legs, and heads, or else the joints are sewn and not articulated. They must have securely fastened eyes that tự not pose a choking hazard for small children. These "plush" bears must meet a rigid standard of construction in order to tướng be marketed to tướng children in the United States and in the European Union.

There are also companies, lượt thích Steiff, that sell handmade collectible bears that can be purchased in stores or over the Internet. The majority of teddy bears are manufactured in countries with low production costs, such as Trung Quốc and Indonesia. A few small, single-person producers in the United States make unique, non-mass-produced teddy bears. In the United Kingdom one small, traditional teddy bear company remains, Merrythought, which was established in 1930.[15] Mohair, the fur shorn or combed from a breed of long haired goats, is woven into cloth, dyed and trimmed.

  • Making of a teddy bear
  • 1: Cutting

    1: Cutting

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  • 2: Sewing and turning

    2: Sewing and turning

  • 3: Filling

    3: Filling

  • 4: Assembling

    4: Assembling


Teddy bears are a favourite sườn of soft toy for amateur toy makers, with many patterns commercially produced or available online. Many "teddies" are home-made as gifts or for charity, while "teddy bear artists" often create "teddies" for retail, decorating them individually with commercial and recycled ornaments such as sequins, beads and ribbons. Sewn teddy bears are made from a wide range of materials including felt, cốt tông and velour. While many are stitched, others are made from yarn, either knitted or crocheted.

Cultural impact[edit]

An RAF Boulton Paul Defiant crew with their teddy bear mascot at RAF Biggin Hill during World War II

Retail sales of stuffed plush animals including teddy bears totaled $1.3 billion in 2006,[16] with manufacturers including Gund and Ty Inc.

Teddy bear plush toys have enjoyed ongoing popularity, complete with specialty retailers such as Teddy Atelier Stursberg and Vermont Teddy Bear Company, as well as do-it-yourself chains including Build-A-Bear Workshop.


The world's first teddy bear museum was phối up in Petersfield, Hampshire, England, in 1984. In 1990, a similar foundation was phối up in Naples, Florida, United States. These were closed in 2006 and 2005 respectively, and the bears were sold in auctions, but there are many teddy bear museums around the world today.

Emergency services[edit]

Because police, fire and medical officials found that giving a teddy bear to tướng a child during a crisis stabilized and calmed them, NAPLC created the Teddy Bear Cops program to tướng distribute teddy bears to tướng police, fire, and medical responders throughout the United States.[17]

April Fools' Day[edit]

On April Fools' Day 1972, issue 90 of The Veterinary Record published a paper on the diseases of Brunus edwardii detailing common afflictions of teddy bears.[18][19]

World's largest teddy bear[edit]

The largest teddy bear measures 19.41 m (63 ft 8 in) in length and was constructed by Municipio de Xonacatlán, Ideas por México and Agrupación de Productores de Peluche (all Mexico), in Estado de México, on 28 April 2019. The bear was displayed at the local stadium in the đô thị of Xonacatlán, and was made with the same materials as a commercially available teddy bear, including details such as a tiara, dress, eyes, and nose.[20]

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In popular culture[edit]

  • The original toy inspired John Walter Bratton to tướng compose the melody to tướng "Teddy Bears' Picnic" in 1907, with lyrics by Jimmy Kennedy added in 1932.
  • Rupert Bear comic has appeared in Daily Express since November 1920.
  • Winnie-the-Pooh is based on a teddy bear owned by Christopher Robin Milne, the son of author A. A. Milne; the character first appeared in a 1926 children's book and has been adapted by Disney for animated shorts since 1966.
  • Sooty began broadcasting on British television in 1955.
  • "(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear" was a number one hit for Elvis Presley in 1957.
  • Paddington Bear is based on a teddy bear purchased by the British author Michael Bond, first appearing in a 1958 children's book.
  • Corduroy is a 1968 children's book based on an anthropomorphic teddy bear in a department store.
  • SuperTed is a superhero teddy bear in an animated television series first airing in 1982.
  • Care Bears were first produced as colorful plush teddy bears in 1983.
  • Pudsey Bear has been the mascot for Children in Need since 1985.
  • Teddy Ruxpin was the best-selling toy of 1985 and 1986.
  • Teddy is a knitted toy oddity in the 1990s sitcom Mr. Bean.
  • Misery Bear was featured in a series of fourteen shorts for the Đài truyền hình BBC trang web between 2009 and 2012.
  • Ted (2012), and its năm ngoái sequel, bases its adult comedy on a teddy bear come to tướng life.
  • Teddy is a 2021 Tamil-language fantasy action film.


  1. ^ David Cannadine (February 1, 2003). "A point of view - The Grownups with teddy bears". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "A STEIFF HARLEQUIN TEDDY BEAR, jointed, half red and half xanh xao mohair, one xanh xao and Đen and one brown and Đen glass eye, Đen stitching, yellow felt pads and FF button, circa 1925 --13½in. (34cm.) high (small bald spot below right ear, some fading mainly to tướng the xanh xao, xanh xao eye cracked, patch to tướng right pad and some general wear)". Christie's. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved October 12, 2010. Estimate £50,000–£80,000
  3. ^ Matuz, Roger (2004). The Handy Presidents Answer Book. Canton, MI: Visible Ink Press. ISBN 9780780807730.
  4. ^ Minor Ferris Buchanan. "Holt Collier" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  5. ^ Mary Bellis (February 28, 2019). "History of the Teddy Bear". Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved March 7, 2006.
  6. ^ a b "Teddy Bears". Library Of Congress. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Clay, Marianne (2002). "The History of the Teddy Bear". Teddy Bear & Friends. Madavor Media, LLC. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
  8. ^ "Real Teddy Bear Story". Theodore Roosevelt Association. Theodore Roosevelt Association. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
  9. ^ "The Story of the Teddy Bear - Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site". National Park Service. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
  10. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt Association. The story of The Teddy Bear". Theodoreroosevelt.org. February 1, 2013. Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  11. ^ "Bring on the Berg". Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise. July 8, 2010. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
  12. ^ "Teddy bear celebrates 100th birthday". BBC News. December 3, 2002. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
  13. ^ Cronin, Francis (July 26, 2011). "The great teddy bear shipwreck mystery". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
  14. ^ "Seymour Eaton". Greater Lansdowne Civic Association (GLCA). 2003. Archived from the original on May 2, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  15. ^ Burton, Lucy (February 21, 2011). "Britain's last surviving teddy bear factory". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  16. ^ "Build-A-Bear Workshop Inc" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  17. ^ "Officers using the Teddy Bear Cops program". Teddybearcop.com. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  18. ^ "Brunus edwardii (1972)". Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  19. ^ Blackmore, DK; DG Owen; CM Young (1972). "Some observations on the diseases of Brunus edwardii (Species nova)". Veterinary Record. 90 (14): 382–385. doi:10.1136/vr.90.14.382. PMID 5034618. S2CID 7415923. Archived from the original on November 22, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  20. ^ "World's largest teddy bear". www.guinnessworldrecords.com. Archived from the original on February 24, 2011. Retrieved January đôi mươi, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)

External links[edit]

Look up teddy bear in Wiktionary, the không tính tiền dictionary.

  • The great teddy bear shipwreck mystery