good morning là gì

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Morning, just after sunrise on a farm in Namibia

Morning is the period from sunrise vĩ đại noon. It is preceded by the twilight period of dawn. There are no exact times for when morning begins (also true of evening and night) because it can vary according vĩ đại one's lifestyle and the hours of daylight at each time of year.[1] However, morning strictly ends at noon, which is when afternoon starts. Morning can also be defined as starting from midnight vĩ đại noon.

Morning precedes afternoon, evening, and night in the sequence of a day. Originally, the term referred vĩ đại sunrise.[2]


The Modern English words "morning" and "tomorrow" began in Middle English as morwening, developing into morwen, then morwe, and eventually morrow. English, unlike some other languages, has separate terms for "morning" and "tomorrow", despite their common root. Other languages, lượt thích Dutch, Scots and German, may use a single word – morgen – vĩ đại signify both "morning" and "tomorrow".[3][4]


Cultural implications[edit]

Morning prayer is a common practice in several religions. The morning period includes specific phases of the Liturgy of the Hours of Christianity.

Some languages that use the time of day in greeting have a special greeting for morning, such as the English good morning. The appropriate time vĩ đại use such greetings, such as whether it may be used between midnight and dawn, depends on the culture's or speaker's concept of morning.[5] The use of 'good morning' is ambiguous, usually depending on when the person woke up. As a general rule, the greeting is normally used from 3:00 a.m. vĩ đại around noon.

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Many people greet someone with the shortened 'morning' rather than thở 'good morning'. It is used as a greeting, never a farewell, unlike 'good night' which is used as the latter. To show respect, one can add the addressee's last name after the salutation: Good morning, Mr. Smith.

For some, the word morning may refer vĩ đại the period immediately following waking up, irrespective of the current time of day. This modern sense of morning is due largely vĩ đại the worldwide spread of electricity, and the independence from natural light sources.[6]


Comet Ison at dawn, with Mercury at left

When a star first appears in the east just prior vĩ đại sunrise, it is referred vĩ đại as a heliacal rising.[7] Despite the less favorable lighting conditions for optical astronomy, dawn and morning can be useful for observing objects orbiting close vĩ đại the Sun. Morning (and evening) serves as the optimum time period for viewing the inferior planets Venus and Mercury.[8] Venus and sometimes Mercury may be referred vĩ đại as a morning star when they appear in the east prior vĩ đại sunrise. It is a popular time vĩ đại hunt for comets, as their tails grow more prominent as these objects draw closer vĩ đại the Sun.[9] The morning (and evening) twilight is used vĩ đại tìm kiếm for near-Earth asteroids that orbit inside the orbit of the Earth.[10] In mid-latitudes, the mornings near the autumnal equinox are a favorable time period for viewing the zodiacal light.[11]


For people, the morning period may be a period of enhanced or reduced energy and productivity. The ability of a person vĩ đại wake up effectively in the morning may be influenced by a ren called "Period 3". This ren comes in two forms, a "long" and a "short" variant. It seems vĩ đại affect the person's preference for mornings or evenings. People who carry the long variant were over-represented as morning people, while the ones carrying the short variant were evening preference people.[12]

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See also[edit]

  • Crepuscular – animals that are active primarily in the early morning and the evening


  1. ^ Learner's Dictionary
  2. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  3. ^ Origin of the phrase "Good Morning Archived 2012-02-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Etymology of the word "morning"
  5. ^ "Definition of good morning |". Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  6. ^ "Why some of us are early risers". BBC News. London. 2003-06-17. Retrieved 2008-01-30.
  7. ^ Schaefer, Bradley E. (1987). "Heliacal Rise Phenomena". Journal for the History of Astronomy, Archaeoastronomy Supplement. 18: S19. Bibcode:1987JHAS...18...19S.
  8. ^ Grego, Peter (2008). "Recording Mercury and Venus". Venus and Mercury, and How vĩ đại Observe Them. Astronomers’ Observing Guides. Thủ đô New York, NY.: Springer. pp. 177–206. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-74286-1_5. ISBN 978-0-387-74285-4.
  9. ^ Marsden, B. G. (1994). Milani, Andrea; Di Martino, Michel; Cellino, A. (eds.). Search Programs for Comets. Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 1993: Proceedings of the 160th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held in Belgirate, Italy, June 14-18, 1993. International Astronomical Union. Symposium no. 160. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 1. Bibcode:1994IAUS..160....1M.
  10. ^ Ye, Quanzhi; et al. (February 2020). "A Twilight Search for Atiras, Vatiras, and Co-orbital Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astronomical Journal. 159 (2): 70. arXiv:1912.06109. Bibcode:2020AJ....159...70Y. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/ab629c. 70.
  11. ^ Cladera, Antoni. "Zodiacal Light: The Definitive Photography Guide". Retrieved 2023-03-14.
  12. ^ Gene determines sleep patterns

External links[edit]